When we are healthy and have no symptoms, cancer screening is the best option to detect cancer at an early stage.
As per Globocan 2012 data most common cancers which can be detected at early stages in India are Head & Neck (0.77 lakhs new cases detected per Annum) Cancer of the Breast Cancer (1.44 lakh cases detected per annum), Cancer of Cervix (1.23 new cases detected per annum) and Prostate Cancer (1.60 lakhs cases detected per annum)
A Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) is a physical examination done by a doctor. It's often done during your regular medical check-up.
Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays to examine the breast for diagnosis and screening. The goal of mammography is early detection of breast cancer.
|Normal Population||50-59 Years||Once in 2 Years|
|Family History of Breast cancer||40-50 Years||Every Year|
|High risk group||30 years and above||Every Year|
|Any lump in the breast||30 years and above|
Women with dense breast require ultrasound of the breast.
It is the easiest cancer to be detected at a precancerous stage 0 or stage I and II when the chances of curing it are highest.
A Pap smear is a microscopic examination of cells taken from the mouth of the uterus. A Pap smear test can detect Cervical Cancer. Early treatment of precancerous changes detected on the Pap smear can stop cervical cancer before it fully develops. A woman may have cervical cancer and not know it, because she may not have any symptoms.
This test detects the presence of HPV, the virus that causes cervical cancer, in your system.
Colposcopy is a procedure to examine cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of disease. Colposchopy is done if your Pap Smear test result is abnormal.
|Age Group||Recommended Screening Method||Comments|
|Age < 21 yrs||No Screening||irrespective of onset of sexual activity|
|Age 21-29 yrs||Pap smear alone every||3 yrs|
|No role of HPV testing||No role of yearly testing|
|Age 30-65 yrs||Pap smear and HPV||every 5 years (preferred)|
|Pap smear alone||every 3 years (acceptable)|
|Age < 65 yrs||No screening following adequate negative prior screening||women with history of CIN2 or higher should continue screening for 20 years|
|After Hysterectomy||No screening||No history of CIN2 or more for past 20 years or cervical cancer ever|
Routine screening for ovarian cancer is not recommended. It is only for High Risk group.
|Population||Recommended Screening Method||Frequency|
|High Risk||Transvaginal Ultrasonogram & Serum Ca-125 blood test||Six monthly|
Oral cancer screening is performed by a doctor to look for signs of cancer or precancerous lesions in mouth. Oral cancer can develop in any part of the oral cavity or oropharynx. Most Oral cancers begin in the tongue and in the floor of the mouth. The aim of oral cancer screening is to identify mouth cancer early, when there is a greater chance for a cure.
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) is a simple test to check the prostate. Because the prostate is an internal organ. Prostate lies in front of the rectum; to start the DRE, the doctor gently inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum. The doctor will then determine the size of the prostate and feel for bumps, soft or hard spots, or other abnormalities. He will also examine the wall of the lower colon/rectum. It is performed in the screening of prostate cancer.
Chest X-ray is recommended for those who have a high risk of developing Lung Cancer but no sign or symptoms of the disease. A chest X-ray makes images of the heart, lung, airways, blood vessels and the bones of the spine and chest.
An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. It's also known as Sonography. The goal of Ultrasound is the early detection of Stomach cancer.
Colorectal Cancer Screening-Colon cancer and rectal cancer screening helps to find cancer at an early stage
|Age Group||Recommended Screening Method||Frequency|
|Age < 50 yrs||Colonoscopy||Every 10 years|
|Virtual Colonoscopy||Every 05 years|
|Fecal Occult Blood Test||Every year|
Adults (< 50 years) are at high risk and more likely to get Colorectal Cancer. If any person is in high risk group it does not mean that he will defiantly get Cancer. But, you must start screening for Colorectal Cancer at an early age. If your body is showing any symptoms, your doctor will recognized it at early stage and the chances of getting treated are higher.
We have in- house Cancer Screening Clinic (Monday to Saturday 9 am to 5 pm). We also conduct cancer screening camps on demand.